Benzodiazepines, such as Xanax and Valium, can cause addiction when used for a prolonged period or in higher doses than prescribed. These drugs work by enhancing the effects of a neurotransmitter called gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), which can produce feelings of relaxation and sedation. When used regularly, the brain can adapt to the presence of the drug and become dependent on it to maintain normal function, leading to physical and psychological dependence. Withdrawal symptoms, including anxiety, insomnia, tremors, and seizures, can occur when benzodiazepine use is abruptly discontinued or doses are reduced too quickly. It’s essential to use benzodiazepines only as prescribed and under the supervision of a medical professional to minimize the risk of addiction.