Ambien, which is also known as zolpidem, affects the brain by binding to a specific subtype of the GABA-A receptor, which is an inhibitory neurotransmitter in the brain. It enhances the activity of GABA, which slows down brain activity and helps people feel relaxed and sleepy. This makes Ambien an effective sleep aid for people who have trouble falling or staying asleep.
The brain’s response to Ambien can cause a range of effects, including drowsiness, impaired coordination, memory loss, and difficulty with balance and movement. In some cases, people who take Ambien may experience hallucinations, nightmares, or other unusual behaviors while they are asleep or have no memory of what happened the next day.
Ambien is intended for short-term use only and can be habit-forming if used over a long period of time or at higher doses than prescribed. Prolonged use of Ambien can lead to tolerance, dependence, and withdrawal symptoms if it is stopped suddenly. It is important to use Ambien only as directed by a healthcare provider to minimize the risk of side effects and dependence.