Naloxone is an opioid antagonist that works by blocking the effects of opioids, including morphine. When naloxone is administered, it competes with opioids at their receptor sites, displacing them and reversing their effects. This means that naloxone can reverse the respiratory depression, sedation, and other effects of opioids like morphine. In cases of opioid overdose, naloxone can quickly restore normal breathing and prevent death. It is commonly used by emergency medical personnel, law enforcement, and others to reverse the effects of opioids in emergency situations.