Addiction101 Addiction Network

Cocaine is a highly addictive and illegal stimulant drug that can have serious and potentially life-threatening effects on the body with continued abuse.

Short-term effects of cocaine abuse can include:

Increased heart rate and blood pressure
Dilated pupils
Constricted blood vessels
Nausea and vomiting
Restlessness and agitation
Increased body temperature
Tremors and muscle twitches
Loss of appetite
Anxiety and paranoia

Long-term effects of cocaine abuse can include:

Severe depression and anxiety
Chronic insomnia
Hallucinations and delusions
Increased risk of seizures and stroke
Damage to the heart and cardiovascular system, including heart attacks and heart disease
Respiratory failure
Nasal damage and difficulty breathing
Liver and kidney damage
Malnutrition and weight loss
Sexual dysfunction

Cocaine abuse can also lead to addiction, which can have significant social, psychological, and economic consequences, such as job loss, financial problems, and strained relationships with family and friends. In severe cases, overdose can occur, which can cause seizures, heart attacks, and even death.

Treatment for cocaine abuse often involves a combination of behavioral therapies and medication-assisted treatment, such as methadone or buprenorphine, to help manage cravings and withdrawal symptoms. It is important to seek professional help if you or someone you know is struggling with cocaine abuse or addiction.