Dextromethorphan (DXM) is a medication commonly found in cough and cold medicines. When taken in recommended doses, it is generally safe and effective for treating coughs. However, when taken in high doses, DXM can produce psychoactive effects that can be addictive.
Here are a few reasons why DXM can be addictive:
Euphoric effects: At high doses, DXM can produce euphoric effects similar to those of other drugs, such as opioids or stimulants. These effects can be reinforcing and lead to addiction in some individuals.
Tolerance: Over time, the body may become accustomed to the effects of DXM and require higher doses to achieve the same level of relief.
Withdrawal symptoms: If a person stops taking DXM suddenly after prolonged use, they may experience withdrawal symptoms such as anxiety, agitation, and muscle aches. These symptoms can be uncomfortable and make it difficult to quit using the drug.
Availability: DXM is readily available in many over-the-counter cough and cold medicines, which can make it easier for people to obtain and abuse the drug.
Peer pressure: Some people may be pressured into using DXM by their peers, which can lead to experimentation and eventual addiction.
It’s important to note that DXM abuse can be dangerous and potentially life-threatening, especially at high doses. If you or someone you know is struggling with DXM addiction, it’s important to seek professional help to address the addiction and any underlying mental health issues.