Substance abuse refers to the problematic use of drugs or alcohol that can lead to significant impairment or distress. Substance abuse can involve the misuse of prescription medications, over-the-counter drugs, or illicit drugs, as well as the excessive use of alcohol.

Substance abuse can have a range of negative consequences for an individual’s physical and mental health, social functioning, and occupational performance. It can also impact relationships with family and friends, and may lead to legal or financial problems.

Substance abuse is typically characterized by a pattern of behavior that involves continued use of drugs or alcohol despite the negative consequences that may result. Symptoms of substance abuse may include cravings for drugs or alcohol, withdrawal symptoms when use is stopped or reduced, and difficulty controlling use despite attempts to quit.

If you or someone you know is struggling with substance abuse, it is recommended that you seek professional medical advice and support to address substance use disorders and any related health or social issues. With the right support and resources, many individuals are able to successfully manage their addiction and improve their overall health and well-being.